In 2014: 12,892 extremists broke into Al-Aqsa Mosque, preventing Muslims from performing the Friday Prayer at Al-Aqsa a total of 17 times; the Martyrdom of 10 Martyrs; and the arrest of 2,250 Jerusalemites
January 8, 2015

Wadi Hilweh Information Center issued the 2014 yearly report in which the center monitored the Israeli violations in the city of Jerusalem. The center mentioned in the report that the city of Jerusalem witnessed several major incidents in the second half of the year and the situation continued to escalate, especially in Al-Aqsa Mosque and after the operations that were carried out against Israelis, as well as following a wide series of arrests, house demolition and the settlements expansions. In response to the continuous and unprecedented settlers’ assaults, most of the neighborhoods in the city of Jerusalem have witnessed clashes on almost a daily basis since last July. The main violations that the Center concentrated on were the those against Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Martyrs in the city of Jerusalem, arrests, settlers’ assaults, settlements, demolitions, collective punishment against Jerusalemites, deportation from Jerusalem, violations against the right to education and the suppressing of various events in the city. The settlers carried out a crime of “kidnapping and burning” the innocent child, Mohammad Abu Khdeir, in July 2014 and also killed Yousef Rammouni as he was hung to death in West Jerusalem last November; note that these were two among the 10 Martyrs who passed away in the city of Jerusalem. During 2014, more than 12 thousand extremists broke into Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Friday Prayer was prohibited 17 times. Also, armed occupation forces raided the Mosque 17 times and arrested more than 2200 Palestinians from Jerusalem. The occupation authorities also demolished 100 establishments and displaced more than 250 citizens from their houses. Al-Aqsa Mosque IMG_1511 Al-Aqsa Mosque witnessed an unprecedented escalation in 2014 as governmental, police and extremist right wing leaders held special meetings in 2014 to discuss “imposing full Israeli sovereignty over the Al-Aqsa Mosque” and withdrawing the Jordanian sovereignty and allocating special places for Jews to pray inside Al-Aqsa and specific days on their holidays (same like the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron). Officials requested all year long to allow religious and unreligious Jews to enter Al-Aqsa Mosque and exercise “freedom of worship.” The Jewish holidays turned into a “season” where most of Al-Aqsa Gates were closed and the occupation forces controlled the entrance of Muslim worshippers to Al-Aqsa. They also imposed restrictions on the people entering Al-Aqsa and only allowed people above a certain age to enter. During last year, Ministers in the right wing extremist government have broken into Al-Aqsa Mosque several times including the Minister of Housing Uri Ariel, Minister of Security Yitzchak Ahranovich, Deputy Speaker of the Knesset Moshe Feiglin, deputy of the Minister of Transportation Tzipi Hotobeli, extremist Rabbi Yehuda Glick  and the Mayor of the occupation municipality Nir Barakat and other extremist Rabbis and officials. The number of people who broke into Al-Aqsa during 2014 were 12,892 extremists. The month of June witnesses the largest number (1817) during the holiday of “Revelation of the Torah,” and 1,355 extremists in October during “Sukkot,” and 1,330 extremists in April during “Pesah” and 1,250 in March during the “Purim” holiday. The break-ins happened every day except for Fridays and Saturdays and were usually through Dung Gate which was taken over by the occupation authorities when they occupied East Jerusalem. The Israeli authorities are responsible for this “break-in” program which is refused by the Islamic Awqaf and the Marabouts who continuously confront the extremists by chats of “God is Great” and continuous presence in Al-Aqsa. The most dangerous day in Al-Aqsa Mosque was on 30/10/2014 when the Mosque was completely closed and the occupation authorities prevented Muslims from entering and performing the five Prayers on that day, and only a few number of worshippers from the Islamic Awqaf were able to perform the prayers and only 8 worshippers performed the Dawn Prayer on that day; note that the forces prevented the Imam and “Muezzin” from entering the Mosque and one of Al-Awqaf employees had to take over. On the 5th of November 2014, the Israeli armed forces raided “Al-Qibali Mosque” and this was the first time the forces break-into a Mosque (clashes usually occur in the courtyards) and stepped with their boots on the carpets of the Mosque and were deployed inside it until they reached the platform of Sal Eddin. The forces fired grenades and rubber bullets inside the Mosque and Jordan had to call its ambassador from Israel afterwards. The forces intentionally damaged the facilities of Al-Aqsa Mosque during the break-ins and damaged the windows and the wood furniture of Al-Qibali Mosque using the butts of their guns; they also burnt some of the carpets and the marble due to the large number of grenades and bullets fired inside the Mosque. Closure of Al-Aqsa Mosque IMG_9971   The Israeli authorities closed Al-Aqsa Mosque 41 times during 2014 (does not include Fridays) and prevented some prayers. They closed most of Al-Aqsa Gates except for Hutta, Al-Silsileh and Al-Majles Gates and prevented the citizens from freely entering and exiting Al-Aqsa. The prevention was as follows:

  • • March 11, 16, and 17: the Israeli forces prevented worshippers from entering and imposed restrictions on their entrance.
  • • April 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, and 20: On the 13th, they prevented the Prayers from Noon until Night and the prevention lasted until the Dawn Prayer on the 14th. On the 16th, they prevented the Dawn and Noon Prayers and the Noon Prayer on the 18th where the Prayers from the Afternoon until Night on the 19th were prevented in addition to the Dawn Prayer on the 20th.
  • • May 5, 6 and 28: The Evening and Night Prayers were prevented and the forces also prevented the Dawn Prayer of the next day as well as the Dawn Prayer on the 28th.
  • • June 2 and 3: Prayers from Noon until Night were prevented and the prevention lasted until Noon the next day.
  • • July 1, 7, 8 and 24: On the 24th, Prayers from Noon until Night were prevented (Laylat Al-Qader), and on the 1st, 7th and 8th the Israeli authorities imposed restrictions on the entrance of women and young men to the Mosque.
  • • August 3, 4, 5, 13, 14, 17 and 31: Women were not allowed to enter on the 3rd, and on the 4th women and young men were not allowed to perform Prayers from Dawn until Night and the prevention lasted until the next day. The Dawn and Noon prayers were prevented on the 13th, 14th and 31st.
  • • September 2, 3, 14, 23 and 24: Noon Prayer for women was held at Al-Aqsa Gates on the 2nd and 3rd. Women and young men were prevented from entering the Mosque 7 until 11 a.m. on the 14th. Prayers from Noon until Night were prevented on the 23rd and the Dawn Prayer was prevented on the 24th.
  • • October 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15 and 30: Prayers from Noon until Night were prevented on the 7th, Dawn Prayer on the 8th, Evening and Night Prayers on the 9th, from Dawn until Night on the 14th, Dawn on the 15th and complete prevention on the 30th.
  • • November 2, 4, 5 and 16: Restriction before the Noon Prayer on the 2nd, Dawn Prayer on the 4th and 5th, women performed the Noon Prayer at the Gates on the 16th in addition to limitations on the entrance on some young men.
Preventing the Friday Noon Prayer IMG_9857 The Friday Noon Prayer and the Dawn Prayer were prevented by the Israeli authorities 17 times during 2014 on the following dates: February 2nd, March 14th and 21st, April 18th, May 30th, June 20th, July 4th, 11th, 18th and 25th, August 1st, September 26th, October 10th, 17th, 24th and 31st and November 7th. Break-ins and clashes inside Al-Aqsa IMG_7740 The Israeli forces that were armed broke into the courtyards of Al-Aqsa Mosque 17 times in 2014. They broke-in on the following dates: February 7th and 25th, March 16th and 20th, April 13th, 16th, and 20th, May 28th, June 13th, July 5th, 13th and 18th, August 4th, September 24th, October 8th and 13th and November 5th. On the 21st and 22nd of April, a Special Force unit broke into Al-Aqsa Mosque and verbally assaulted the female Marabout who were chanting “God is Great.” The Israeli authorities intentionally isolated dozens of citizens from Al-Aqsa Mosque for periods that varied between 3 days and 90 days (renewable). The isolations were mostly done before the Jewish holidays and it included children, young men, women and old people. Wadi Hilweh Information Center monitored the isolation of 300 Palestinian from Al-Aqsa Mosque in 2014 and the month of April witnessed the largest number of isolations. Ten Martyrs in the city of Jerusalem IMG_7589   The year 2014 witnesses several operations against Israelis that led to the Martyrdom of the young men who carried out the attacks. Ten Jerusalemite Martyrs passes away in 2014 (three from Silwan, three from Jabal Al-Mukabber, one from Shu’fat refugee camp, one from Al-Tur, one from Shu’fat and one from the neighborhood of Wad l-Joz). The first Jerusalemite Martyr was the 47-year old Jihad Abdulrahman Tawil from Ras Al-Amoud in Silwan who passed away on 25/2/2014 after he was assaulted in the prison of Bi’er Sheva when the Israeli forces assaulted him and sprayed him with pepper gas causing him to lose consciousness for two weeks; he then passed away in “Soroka” hospital in Bi’er Sheva. The second Martyr was the 17-year old Mohammad Hussein Abu Khdeir who passed away on 2/7/2014 (the month of Ramadan) after he was kidnapped, burnt and killed in the woods of Der Yassin by three settlers. The third Martyr was the 20-year old Mohammad Nayef Ja’abees from the village of Jabal Al-Mukabber who passed away on 4/8/2014 after he was shot with 47 bullets from a close distance after he collided with an “Egged” bus in Street number 1 in Sheikh Jarrah. Despite the fact that the Martyr was at work and had just had lunch with his supervisor and colleagues, but the Israeli authorities insist on claiming that he carried out an attack with his bulldozer. IMG_0051 The fourth was the 16-year old Mohammad Abdelmajeed Sinokrot from the neighborhood of Wad Al-Joz. He passed away on 7/9/2014 due to injuries he suffered at the end of August after he was shot in the head with a rubber bullet from a close distance by an Israeli soldier and suffered a fracture in the skull as well as severe bleeding in the brain. The fifth Martyr was the 20-year old freed prisoner Abdulrahman Shallodi from Silwan who passed away on 22/10/2014 after he was shot and killed due to three bullets fired at him by the guards of the light rail from zero distance after he ran over several Israelis in the light rail’s station in Sheikh Jarrah. Witnesses confirmed that he lost control of his car and collided with a group of Israelis and he immediately got out of his car and was saying “by mistake…by mistake.” The sixth Martyr was the 32-year old freed prisoner Mutaz Ibrahim Khalil Hijazi who passed away on 30/10/2014 after he was murdered by an Israeli special unit when he was surrounded on the roof of his house in Al-Thori. Mutaz was murdered under the pretext of shooting the extremist Rabbi Yehuda Galik in West Jerusalem. The seventh Martyr was the 38-year old Ibrahim Akari who passed away on 5/11/2014 after he ran over Israeli soldiers and settlers in the light rail’s station in Sheikh Jarrah. The soldiers opened fire at Ibrahim and Martyr’s wife accused the Israeli forces of strangling her husband as one of the pictures showed her husband lying on the ground with plastic handcuffs around his neck. The eighth Martyr was the 32-year old Yousef Rammouni who passed away on 17/11/2014 after he was hanged by several settlers when he was working on an “Egged” bus. The ninth and tenth Martyrs were the 32-year old Ghassan Mohammad Abu Al-Jamal and the 21-year old Odai Abed Abu Al-Jamal. They passed away on 18/11/2014 after carried out an attack on a Jewish synagogue in the area of “Har Nof” in the village of Der Yassin in Jerusalem. The Israeli authorities did not only kill the Martyrs under the pretext of “carrying out attacks” but also detained some of the Martyrs’ bodies for hours or days; note that the bodies of the Martyrs Abu Al-Jamal were detained for 38 days. The authorities also imposed restrictions while conducting the funeral of their Martyrs and ordered them to bury them after midnight with the presence of a small number of family members. The bodies were handed to their families at the gates of the cemetery where they would be buried and they prevented the families from transporting him to any other place to clean him, take the final look at him or even pray on his body. The Israeli authorities also harassed the Martyrs’ families by raiding their house and arresting several family members (men and women) and issuing military demolition orders for their houses. Arrests IMG_2656 The year 2014 recorded a remarkable increase in the number of random arrests that affected hundred of Jerusalemites, and the Israeli authorities formed a special unit in July to execute arrests to minimize the protests and clashes in Jerusalem. This unit randomly arrested most of the Jerusalemites who were previously arrested after raiding and searching their houses. Wadi Hilweh Information Center monitored the arrest of nearly 2,250 Jerusalemites where 700 of them were minors (70 of which were younger than 13 years old), 69 women, three school students and 15 citizens between the ages of 47 and 72. The months that witnessed the highest numbers of arrests were: July (390), October (320) and August (300). In August, the Israeli forces arrested more than 130 Jerusalemites in two days (13th and 14th) after they raided their houses in several neighborhoods around the city of Jerusalem. They transferred most of the detainees to interrogation centers in Tel Aviv and presented then to “Rishon Litzion” Magistrate judge; some months witnessed the arrest of 10-15 Jerusalemites on a daily basis. The youngest children arrested in 2014 were the 7-year old Obaida Muhsen Ayesh from Silwan, the 9-year old Qusai Khamis Ashoor who is a resident of the neighborhood of Wad Al-Joz and who was arrested while being in front of his school in Al-Tur, the 9-year old Majd Ahmad Alino who was arrested from the courtyards of Al-Aqsa Mosque, the 9-year old Islam Zaytoon from Silwan, the 10-year old Odai Rajabi who was arrested from in front of his house in Silwan and was injured with wounds in his eye. Also, several 11-year old children were arrested, they are: Rashid Abu Sara, Yazan Emad Abbasi, Ahmad Abed Abbasi, Ahmad Abed Abbasi, Tawfiq Najib, Mustafa Abu Sneineh, Zakaria Bakri, Ali Abulhawa, Mohammad Zaghal, Ashraf Burqan and Tamer Shweiki. The Israeli police issued last year an order to arrest the child Hamzeh Hazem Zidan who is only two years old after raiding his grandfather’s house in the neighborhood of Al-Bustan in Silwan. The forces also raided the house of the child Mimati As’ad Jaber “Al-Yassini” who is also two year old and the house of his 9-year old cousin Izz Eddin Al-Qassam to arrest them under the pretext of “throwing stones”. Among the detainees were six lawyers: Shireen Essawi, Amjad Safadi, Amro Iskafi, Nadim Ghrayeb and Mahmoud Abu Sneineh. The 17-year old Dima Qunbar is still detained in the Israeli prisons under the pretext of “stabbing an Israeli soldier.” There are also five Jerusalemite prisoners hat are under administrative arrest, they are: Midhat Obeid from the village of Esawyeh, the Secretary of Fateh Movement in Jerusalem Adnan Gheith and his brother Sadeq, Islam Natsheh, Adham Al-Hindi and Raed Fayez Mteir. Wadi Hilweh Information Center confirmed that the Israeli authorities violated all international laws and regulations in terms of arresting children as well as violating the international treaty to protect children which was signed by Israel. IMG_0040 The Information Center also confirmed that the Israeli authorities violated all the Israeli laws while executing the arrests. Any arrest should be based on a “judicial order” unless the person committed a violation in front of the police officer, and the person should be called for interrogation and should not be immediately arrested; in most cases the warrant of arrest is usually issued days before. The policy followed against Palestinians in Jerusalem is contradictory the Israeli laws and most arrests are done between 3-5 a.m. and the family of the detainee usually does not see the warrant of arrest which should show the reason behind the arrest. The center showed in its report the Israeli violations in terms of child arrest since interrogating them should not be done without the presence of a social worker and before asking legal permission from the lawyer and the presence of a special child interrogator is essential; the interrogation should also be recorded. According to the Israeli laws, the parents of the child should be immediately informed after the child is arrested and they should be given a copy of the warrant of arrest and inform them where he is being detained. The center explained that according to article 9 of the Israeli Juvenile law, any minor under the age of 14 should only be interrogated between 7 a.m. and 8 p.m. and any minor between the ages of 14 and 18 should only be interrogated between 7 a.m. and 10 p.m. The same article 9 notes that any minor suspect should be called for interrogation with the presence of any of his parents, and articles 9 and 3 explain that the interrogator should immediately inform the social worker when deciding to arrest any minor. According to the Israeli law, any minor between the ages of 14 and 18 should be presented to court within 24 hours and any minor under the age of 14 should be presented to court within 12 hours. The minor should not be handcuffed if it was possible to control his arrest and the minor who is younger than 12 years old should not be arrested under any circumstances. The centers confirmed in its report that the Israeli authorities change the exceptions in the law and make them rules in terms of arrests, interrogation and detention. Demolishing 100 establishments and 20 graves…and displace 250 citizens هدم خلة العين (6) During last year, Wadi Hilweh Information Center pointed out that the Jerusalem municipality continued demolishing residential and commercial establishments in Jerusalem under the pretext of building without a permit. The municipality also forces many Jerusalemites to self-demolish their property after threatening to imprison them or imposing high fines in addition to the cost of the demolition. Despite the nonstop demolition operations in Jerusalem, Wadi Hilweh Information Center explained that the number of demolitions decreased from 2013 while the distribution of demolition orders to residential and commercial establishments increased. The Center monitored the demolition of 6 residential buildings and 18 houses in which one of them was owned by the Martyr Abdulrahman Shallodi. There were also 12 self-demolitions carried out by property owners, 13 barrack demolitions, 5 barracks used for sheep, 5 walls, 5 rooms used for commercial manners, “Al-Rahmeh Chapel”, a medical center, 5 commercial stores, aluminum workshop, a container, a truck used for repairing vehicles, a factory and 25 storages. The demolition operations led to the displacement of 250 Jerusalemites and the Nature and Parks Authority demolished 20 graves in the Martyrs’ Cemetery in Lions Gate under the pretext that the land is confiscated in benefit of the authority. The report also explained that the Israeli authorities executed the demolitions in most of the Jerusalemite neighborhoods (Beit Hanina, Shu’fat, Jabal Al-Mukabber, Sur Baher, Silwan Esawyeh, Al-Tur, Old City of Jerusalem and Salah Eddin Street). The month of October witnessed the largest number of demolitions in the city of Jerusalem. Apart from the demolitions that were executed under the pretext of building without a permit, the occupation municipality is still refusing to grant building permits to the locals of East Jerusalem and still put impossible conditions and imposed high costs for building permits which could last to many years before one can a obtain a permit. The nightmare of demolishing houses is the fear of thousands of Jerusalemites after the Israeli authorities distributed demolition orders especially in November and December 2014 where the municipality’s crews increased the number of demolition orders distributed all over the city of Jerusalem. It was interesting to see demolition orders distributed to very old houses that were build before the occupation of Jerusalem, and others that had permits from the municipality in addition to houses that were built more than 30 years ago. Based on the “emergency law,” the Israeli authorities distributed military demolition orders to six houses owned by the Martyrs’ families and the house of the Martyr Abdulrahman Shallodi in Silwan was blown up using explosives; the Israeli Supreme Court ratified the demolition of the houses under the pretext of “carrying out terrorist attacks” and in order to deter others. IMG_2521 Wadi Hilweh Information Center explained that the occupation municipality distributes three types of demolition orders to Jerusalemites. The most common one is the “administrative order” which is issued without going to court but should be issued during the construction or 30 days after the construction is completed. Another type is the “Judicial Order” which is issued by one of the Israeli courts and is postponed several times. The last one is the “land cleaning” which has been used in the past three years and allows the municipality to bulldoze wide areas of land under various pretexts. Settlers’ assaults… IMG_2496 Wadi Hilweh Information Center monitored the settlers’ assaults against Jerusalemites and their properties and pointed out that because of the lack of any restraint by the Israeli authorities the settlers’ assaults on Palestinians increased in recent years. Three settlers committed a heinous crime against the 17-year old Jerusalemite child Mohammad Hussein Abu Khdeir when they kidnapped him from in front of his house as he was heading to the Mosque to perform the Dawn Prayer in the month of Ramadan on 2/7/2014. The settlers attacked the child, burnt and killed him and indictments were submitted against the settlers in the District court but the case is still being discussed by the Israeli courts and the Israeli authorities did not take any action yet against this gang despite the passage of six months on the heinous crime. The settlers’ assaults in Jerusalemites continued on 17/11/2014 when a group killed the 32-year old driver Yousef Rammouni while working on an “Egged” bus in West Jerusalem. Despite the fact that the Palestinian forensic medicine lab confirmed that he was killed due to “hanging”, the Israeli authorities refused the facts and claimed that he committed suicide and hung himself in the bus and did not conduct the necessary investigations. The kidnapping attempts reoccurred after the kidnapping of Abu Khdeir, and the center monitored seven attempts to kidnap five children in Beit Hanina, Old City, Shu’fat, French Hill and Gethsemane Road, and two young men in West Jerusalem. Settlers tried to kidnap the 8-year old Mousa Zalloum after assaulting him and his mother in Beit Hanina, and investigations showed that the same settlers who kidnapped Abu Khdeir are the ones who tried to kidnap Zalloum. Settlers also tried to kidnap the 8-year old Mohammad Kiswani from Beit Hanina, Mohammad Arna’ot while working in West Jerusalem, Taha Tufaha (2 years old) in Shu’fat, Ali Mohammad Abbasi in West Jerusalem, the 11-year old Mohammad Khaled Zaghal in the Gethsemane Road and the 4-year old Majd Hazeeneh from the Old City of Jerusalem. Wadi Hilweh Information Center also monitored more than 80 assaults that were carried out by settlers against Palestinians in East and West Jerusalem. According to the center, four citizens were stabbed or were attacked to be stabbed by settlers in Jaffa Street, Beit Hanina and the Old City and 10 citizens including women were ran over by settlers in the streets of Jerusalem. More than 30 young men and the journalist Nuha Musleh were attacked with stones and sticks in Jerusalem, and the lawyer Sana’ Dweik was sprayed with pepper gas in Der Yassin in addition to dozens of young men who were beat up by settlers. Several attacks on taxi drivers were also recorded in addition to verbally assaulting many Jerusalemites. The months of July and November witnessed the largest numbers of attacks against Jerusalemites and the settlers also attacked the Palestinian Red Crescent ambulance with stones while it was heading to Erez checkpoint to transfer patients. The Jewish extremist groups signed by “Price Tag” carried out several attacks against Islamic and Christian Sanctities and also attacked Jerusalemites’ houses and the neighborhoods that include settlement outposts such as Silwan, Al-Sowaneh, Sheikh Jarrah, Al-Tur and the neighborhoods of the Old City of Jerusalem. These neighborhoods suffer from settlers’ provocations on a daily basis that usually escalate to verbal altercations and clashes using hands at times. The group of “Price Tag” wrote slogans on the monastery of “Our Lady of Palestine” in West Jerusalem and the “Roman Church”, and the house of Mughrabi family in the Old City; one settler opened fire in the Christian Quarter in the Old City of Jerusalem. Wadi Hilweh Information Center also monitored the slashing the tires of 103 cars, two trucks and one bus in Beit Safafa, Sharafat village, Sheikh Jarrah, the neighborhood of Wad Yasool in Silwan and in West Jerusalem. In 2014, the settlers attacked the commercial stores in West Jerusalem to attack the Palestinian employees in addition to chanting racist chants against Arabs. Violation of the right to education lkpkpokpokpo In terms of violations against the right to education and the level of discrimination against educational institutions in Jerusalem, the education problem in Jerusalem remained unsolved in 2014. The problems were represented in the lack of classrooms, not building new schools by the occupation’s municipality which forced the locals to enroll their children in schools far away from their residence. The Israeli authorities escalated in 2014 their violations of the right to educations by raiding schools and arresting students while heading to their schools. They also deliberately sprayed schools with wastewater knowing that this water leads to the emission of odors several days, causing a lack of focus by the students and causing them to choke. Perhaps the most schools affected during 2014 were Al-Aqsa Legitimacy Schools which include 500 students. These schools are located inside the courtyards of Al-Aqsa Mosque and education was disrupted for several days during 2014 which are the days when Al-Aqsa was broke into by extremists as mentioned above. Education was also disrupted in “Dar Al-Aytam” school in the Old City of Jerusalem due to the Israeli restrictions and continuous harassment of the students under the pretext of “throwing stones.” The forces restricted the movement of the education commission and the student while heading to school and the school was targeted on 24/9/2014 with rubber bullets in which three students were injured while they were inside their classrooms and in the courtyards. The Israeli authorities also targeted the “Schools’ Street” in Al-Tur and disrupted the movement of the children; note that nearly 500 students pass through the street everyday going back and forth to their four schools. The Israeli forces along with the Musta’ribeen (undercover) unit intend to be present in the street on a daily basis and provoke the students and search them at times.  During the last month, the forces increased their presence in the street and arrested four students from Al-Tur Schools while heading to school. The forces also targeted the “Schools’ Street” in Jabal Al-Mukabber and sprayed wastewater and fired grenades towards six schools, and also raided Al-Mukabber Girls School at the beginning November and fired grenades and rubber bullets towards the girls and administrative and education commission. The Israeli forces also targeted the schools in Ras Al-Amoud in Silwan and were stationed in the Schools’ Street in the morning when the students were heading to their schools. They stopped the students and searched them and asked them questions at times. They targeted Ras Al-Amoud School on the 4th and 6th of November 2014 with rubber bullets and sound grenades and on the 28th of October 2014 they targeted Silwan Boys Secondary school. In Shu’fat refugee camp, the Israeli forces targeted the school of “Shu’fat Refugee Camp C” with sound grenades and fired tear gas grenades several times around the school in the last couple of months which led to irregular-school. On the 3rd of December 2014, the forces assaulted all the students in the refugee camp with tear gas grenades while executing a wide demolition operation in the camp. The forces also deliberately harassed the students in the morning while passing though the military checkpoint of Shu’fat refugee camp and on 11/11/2014 the forces assaulted the 11-year old student Tasneem Haddad and detained her at the checkpoint after assaulting and beating her. The students of the village of Esawyeh also suffered from the closure of the entrances of the village for several weeks and on 6/11/2014, the forces fired tear gas grenades towards Al-Amal School for special needs. The forces were also stationed in the schools’ street and around the schools and deliberately fired sound and tear gas grenades without regard to the presence of students inside their classrooms. The Israeli forces also raided Al-Zahra’ School in the neighborhood of Wad Al-Joz on 17/11/2014 on suspicious of throwing stones from inside the school. Suppression of freedom of opinion ... and excessive use of force IMG_4807 The Israeli authorities continued to suppress the freedom of opinion and speech during last year and prevented all activities and events (social, sports and national) organized in the streets or indoors under the pretext of being organized by the “Palestinian Authority”. The forces broke into several center, clubs and institutions last year before the start of any event.  According to center, the forces broke into Mount of Olives Club, Hind Hussein College, House of Is’af Nashashibi, Yabous Cultural Center, Pal Media headquarters, Burj Al-Laqlaq Institution and Elia’ Organization. The forces deliberately suppressed all activities in Jerusalem that were to be held on national occasions. The center monitored the suppression of activities in support of the prisoners, Al-Aqsa, Gaza, Women’s day march, Al-Nakba, marches against the “Israeli Flags March”, children’s activities in the streets of Jerusalem, sports marathon and an event for the “longest series of book readers”. They also prevented Christians from welcoming the Pope Jerusalem during his visit last May and restricted their movement and assaulted some them who were gathered to greet the Pope when his convoy was passing by near Damascus and New Gates. During the Pope’s visit, the Israeli authorities suppressed the residents of Al-Sowaneh where the Pope was staying (headquarters of the Apostolic Nuncio) and closed the roads and obstructed the movement of the locals in addition to the arrest of several young men from the area. During the suppression of different events and activities that were organized in the streets of the city, the Israeli occupation forces intentionally sprayed the participants with cold, colored and wastewater and fired rubber bullets and sound grenades towards them as well as spraying them with pepper gas and shocking them with electric shocks. The Israeli forces targeted the journalists and paramedics while they were doing their job on field and monitoring the daily events and providing medical services to citizens. Many of them were injured with rubber bullets and sound grenades and others were arrested and detained not to mention preventing them from performing their work freely. IMG_5906 Since July 2014, the Israeli forces used a new kind of rubber bullets (black color) and many citizens suffered severe injuries due to this kind of bullets. Among them was the Martyr Mohammad Sinokrot from the neighborhood of Wad Al-Joz and 10 other citizens who were injured in their eyes and faces. Some of them lost sight in both eyes like the 5-0year old Mohammad Jamal Obeid and the 11-year old Saleh Samer Atyeh Mahmoud. During 2014, the Israeli forces raided Al-Maqased hospital in Al-Tur several times and raided the emergency department once and arrested one child after assaulting and beating him. They intentionally sprayed the hospital as well as its courtyards with wastewater and were stationed at its entrance in an attempt to provoke the citizens. The Israeli authorities continued its attack on the cemetery of “Ma’man Allah” in West Jerusalem and built a cafeteria, restrooms facility, a dogs’ park and covered parts of the cemetery with wood shavings. Closing Organizations The Center monitored in 2014 the closure of three organizations in the city of Jerusalem by the Israeli authorities. They are: Nama’ Institution in the village of Bet Safafa, Al-Zakat and Sadaqat Institution in the village of Sur Baher and Al-Quds Organization in Salah Eddin Street under the pretext of carrying out activities in favor of Hamas Movement. Settlement IMG_8603 One of the main obstacles against achieving peace is the Israeli settlements in Jerusalem and the Palestinian lands, but the Israeli government ignores all international calls to stop expanding the settlements. The government ratified the building of thousands of settlement units in 2014 and also suggested new projects to be implemented. The Israeli authorities ratified the building of 2610 units in “Giv’at Hamatos”, and 500 units in “Ramat Shlomo”. The government also launched tenders in 2014 for the building of 2239 units in Jerusalem which will be distributed as follows: 1000 units in “Ramat Shlomo”, 294 in “Ramot”, 182 in “Pisgat Zeev”, 56 units in Nabi Yacoub” and 708 units in “Gilo”. During 2014, the number of settlers living in the settlement outposts in Jerusalem (Al-Sowaneh, Silwan, Sheikh Jarrah, Ras Al-Amoud and Al-Tur) increased from 2500 to 2750 according to the Israeli reports; note that the number increased after completing the settlement projects and the take-over of several houses. Elad Settlement organization and Ateerat Cohen took over 36 residential apartments in 2014 in which 10 of them were in Silwan (the neighborhoods of Wadi Hilweh and Baydoun and Middle neighborhood). They took the apartments in twisted ways or through brokers. 
The extremist settlement institution “Ateerat Cohen” announced the buying of the post office building in Salah Eddin Street in the heart of East Jerusalem (across from Herod’s Gate- one of the gates of the Old City-) and transferring it into a Talmudic religious school . The settlers also falsified documents to confiscate the building of the Palestinian National Theater (Hakawati) and Al-Nuzha building in Jerusalem. The Israeli authorities bulldozed wide areas of land in the neighborhood of Al-Sowaneh to implement the settlement project “Central Overlooking” and a calibrate and monitoring points were built and in addition to infrastructure works “lighting and tiling” which will be done by “Moria” company in cooperation with the Jerusalem municipality and the so-called “Jerusalem development” company. The occupation’s municipality also ratified in 2014 the building of a religious Jewish school and a settlement center in the neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah on a 4-Dunom land. The construction and planning committee at the municipality decided to build a tower for the Jewish National Fund “Keren Kayemeth” in order to transfer the offices located in different parts of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and Haifa to the new 15-storey tower located in the middle of Jerusalem and which will be located near the Sheraton Plaza Hotel in King George Street. The Israeli government also decided to give the Biblical Park management in Jerusalem to Elad Settlement Organization which means that it will have control of the southern side of the Wailing Wall in addition to Islamic historic places. The occupation authorities also intend to implement a new settlement project called “bet Al-Ein” in the area of Al-Ein in the neighborhood of Wadi Hilweh on a 1200-square meter area that will include two floors where a museum about the Jewish history will be established. Isolations from Jerusalem Among the punishment policy of Jerusalemites, the Israeli authorities isolated six young men from the city of Jerusalem with an order from the so-called “Commander of Internal Front” and based on the emergency law “defense”. They were isolated under the pretext of posing threat to the city if they stayed, they are: Fares Ayman Ahmad Eweisat (22), Akram Shurafa (39), Daoud Al-Ghoul (31), Majd Darwish (24), Saleh Dirbas (23) and Fares Abu Ghannam. Daoud Al-Ghoul was also isolated from the West Bank. Collective punishment against Jerusalemites IMG_5116 For the third consecutive year, the Israeli occupation authorities continued their collective punishment campaign against Jerusalemites in the neighborhoods and villages of the city, and stepped it up publicly during the last three months. The Mayor of Jerusalem, Nir Barakat, had advised at the end of October to the head of the municipality and heads of departments to “enforce the law” in East Jerusalem. Enforcing the law included raiding commercial stores that are not licensed and handing them notices to license their stores within a week or otherwise they will have to shut them down. It also included issuing traffic tickets (for everything) even if one parked their vehicle in a side road where usually tickets are not given to anyone. Additionally, the municipality activated demolition orders against houses and confiscated ‘’unlicensed animals;’’ the tax authority had a big role and was activate in raiding commercial stores and fining the owners and confiscating their equipment. The municipality also formed a unit of aerial surveillance for the propose of enforcing the law in the city and to identify the disruptive points and locations, the large gatherings, and stone, Molotov Cocktails and firecrackers throwers. This unit also formed an aerial aid to identify the unlicensed buildings and where the remains of construction are illegally thrown as well as the unlicensed commercial stores, the smuggling of agricultural and food materials which will enable the municipality to effectively enforce the law. The unit launched five balloons in its first phase above the Jerusalemite neighborhoods. The methods of collective punishment against Jerusalemites varied and included raiding commercial stores and houses to collect unpaid taxes and impose new building violation fees on dozens of citizens as well as removing water meters from houses and residential buildings without prior notice (the Israeli laws state that there should be a prior notice sent). They also confiscated the summer solar systems especially from the Old City under the pretext of being dangerous to the passers-by and closed commercial stores in the Jerusalemite villages, and prevented the villagers from raising poultry and sheep despite having the necessary permits. They also deliberately established police checkpoints during the last three months in the streets and neighborhoods of the city and deployed forces in the Old City to search the young men. They also closed the entrances of some Jerusalemite villages and neighborhoods with cement blocks especially in the villages of Esawyeh, Jabal Al-Mukabber, Sur Baher and the neighborhood of Al-Thori.